Wednesday, September 29, 2010

The Cherubim Model of Elementary Particles, Part II

Part I, II, III, IV, V, VI

Abstract

In Part I, I introduced the Cherubim Model of elementary particles by positing that the electron consists of four identical particles (cherubim) each having 1/4 of the mass and 1/4 of the charge of the electron. The inspiration for the model comes primarily from Ezekiel's strange symbolic vision of four living creatures or cherubim. In my current interpretation of the vision, the four-faced, four-winged cherubim are elementary particles, the primary constituents of all matter. In this post, I would like to explain why I insist that the four cherubim of the book of Ezekiel represent an electron and not some other particle. I also would like to make a prediction derived from the observation that the cherubim are described as having human form and human hands.

Why the Electron?

When physicists talk about the atom, they usually paint a picture of a massive nucleus of protons and neutrons surrounded by a cloud of orbiting electrons. The way I see it, the electrons do not orbit the nucleus at all but interact with it by going right through it. When an electron collides with the nucleus, it is quickly ejected by the interaction and travels a certain distance away before falling right back into it. It ensues that there is a constant and rapid back and forth movement of electrons through the nucleus. This rapid alternating motion has a certain frequency and this is what generates the electromagnetic signature of the atom. So what does this have to do with Ezekiel? What caused me to suspect that Ezekiel's vision of the four cherubim was a symbolic description of the electron? The answer can be found in Ezekiel 1:13-14:
The appearance of the living creatures was like burning coals of fire or like torches. Fire moved back and forth among the creatures; it was bright, and lightning flashed out of it. The creatures sped back and forth like flashes of lightning.
I interpret the fire metaphor to represent the energy of the particles. The symbolism strongly alludes to the rapid back and forth motion of electrons within an atom and the movement of lattice particles (seraphim or burning ones) between the various particles.

Absolute Dimensions and Particle Beam Accelerators: A Prediction

Remember that the four dimensions of the universe are symbolized by four directions or faces: bull, eagle, man and lion. In my opinion, 'human form' and 'human hands' are a way of saying that the mass and grabbing properties of the particles are only associated with a specific absolute dimension. It is for this reason that I believe that particle accelerators should show results that are strongly affected by the absolute orientation of the particle beams. Since I previously identified the bull face as the fourth dimension, the 'human' dimension is therefore one of the three absolute "spatial' dimensions. By absolute dimension, I mean an unchanging direction relative to the fixed stars, using normal physics parlance. I predict that by aligning the particle beams in a direction parallel to the 'human' dimension, physicists will observe a sudden and profound change in the type and quantity of the particles emitted from the collisions.

The only problem is to determine which direction the 'human' dimension is facing. At this point, my advice is this: experimenters should try as many directions as possible until they notice a significant change in their results. Of course, this is not as easy as it sounds since particle accelerators tend to be huge installations. However, the absolute direction of the particle beams changes constantly as the earth rotates on its axis and orbits the sun. Experimenters might get lucky.

Upcoming

One of the questions that have been percolating in my mind is this: why four cherubim? I mean, why not three, or five, or more? That's the topic of my next post.

Sunday, September 26, 2010

The Cherubim Model of Elementary Particles, Part I

Part I, II, III, IV, V, VI

Abstract

The Rishon Particle Model posits that all matter consists of elementary particles called rishons. There are two types of rishons, T and V, which are named after the Hebrew words tohu (unformed) and vohu (void). These two words are translated as "without form and void" in the second verse of the book of Genesis. A V rishon is electrically neutral whereas a T rishon has a positive or negative electric charge equal in magnitude to 1/3 of the charge of the electron. The Rishon Model contradicts the Standard Model in that it calls for the electron to be a composite particle that consists of three T rishons. In the Standard Model, by contrast, the electron is an elementary particle and the charge of the electron is considered elementary. In this new series, I will present a different view of the electron based on a new tentative particle model derived from my work on the lattice hypothesis. In this model, the electron is indeed a composite particle but it is composed of, not three, but four elementary particles. Those of you who have already read the Lattice Interactions series probably know where I am going with this. If you have not already done so, please read the previous articles before continuing.

The Spirit of the Cherubim
Ezekiel 1:19-21. When the living creatures moved, the wheels beside them moved; and when the living creatures rose from the ground, the wheels also rose. Wherever the spirit would go, they would go, and the wheels would rise along with them, because the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels. When the creatures moved, they also moved; when the creatures stood still, they also stood still; and when the creatures rose from the ground, the wheels rose along with them, because the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.
I added the italics in the passage above to make a point. The point is that, even though Ezekiel was describing four cherubim (or living creatures), they all shared a single spirit. The cherubim and their wheels all move in unison, as if they were a single entity controlled by a single principle or spirit. I interpret this symbolism to mean that the four cherubim are identical elementary constituents of a single composite particle. Note that the word elementary does not imply that an elementary particle is necessarily a constituent of every type of composite particle. It simply means non-composite.

Let me come right out and say that I believe that the four cherubim of Ezekiel represent an electron and that the electron is a composite particle. Furthermore, I believe that each of the four constituents of the electron has fractional charge and mass that are equal to exactly 1/4 of those of the electron. This is in sharp contradiction to both the Rishon and the Standard models. I will have more to say about this in my next post.

The Mass Problem

In the previous series, I argued for the existence of elementary mass. To recap, my argument is that, since the lattice hypothesis calls for every particle to be moving at the speed of light in the fourth dimension, it must interact with lattice particles of equal mass/energy. Since interactions in the fourth dimension are responsible for the electric field of a particle, this means that the strength of the electric field must be proportional to the total mass/energy of the particle. The problem is that all charged particles are observed to have equal charge regardless of the magnitude of their mass/energy. At the time, I was under the impression that the charge of the electron was elementary. So I concluded that the mass of the electron had to be the elementary mass and that massive particles like the proton must consist of a number of elementary components with the same mass as the electron.

I have since changed my mind and, based on my new interpretation of the cherubim, I now believe that there is an elementary particle (the cherub, if you will) with precisely 1/4 the charge and mass of the electron. I think that all normal matter particles consists of cherubim in various combinations. I also have reasons to suppose that there is a second type of cherubim, a neutral elementary particle that serves as a "glue" particle for more massive particles like the proton and the neutron. So, in a way, the Cherubim model is somewhat similar to the Rishon Model but with different elementary charge magnitudes.

Upcoming

In Part II, I will explain why I now believe that Ezekiel's four living creatures symbolize an electron. I will also have something to say about particle accelerators and particle beam orientation.

Thursday, September 16, 2010

Lattice Interactions, Part IX

Part I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX

Abstract

According to the lattice hypothesis, the electric field that surrounds a charged particle such as an electron is generated by its interactions with the particles (seraphim) that comprise the lattice as the electron travels in the fourth dimension at the speed of light. A constant stream of seraphim are jettisoned away from the points of interaction and these constitute the electric field of the particle. The question is, knowing that there are not nearly enough radiating seraphim to fill the entire area around the electron, why is the field detectable everywhere in that space? This is the topic of today's post.

Wheels Within Wheels

Ezekiel repeatedly mentioned that the wheels that he saw in his vision had the appearance of a wheel within a wheel. That is a rather strange metaphor because it is not everyday that we encounter a wheel within a wheel. One is left to wonder, was it a wheel intersecting another wheel at right angle? Or was it a smaller wheel neatly lodged inside a bigger one? Ezekiel did not see fit to provide the details. In his day, wheels were made of wood reinforced with either iron, copper or bronze.


The basic design has not changed much over the years. It consists of a center hub surrounded by a number of spokes attached to a circular rim, not unlike a bicycle wheel. Ezekiel did not say anything about the spokes of the wheels but he did mention that they had enormous and awesome rims. I interpret the wheel to symbolize the electric field that surrounds a charged particle because, like gravity, an electric field extends out indefinitely. What is really interesting, from my perspective, is that the wheel is at rest (i.e., on the ground) when the creatures (particles) are also at rest. This is perfectly analogous to the electric field of an electron. What I mean is that, unlike the magnetic field, the electric field does not collapse when the electron is at rest. This is one of the reasons that it is called the electrostatic field.
Another thing to note is that there are only four wheels, one for each of the four-faced creatures. This means that, even though each creature has four faces, it has only one wheel. This is consistent with the lattice hypothesis in that only one of the four faces (dimensions) is associated with the electric field: the ox or bull face. The other three faces are responsible for the magnetic field.

On a different tangent, notice that there are four electric fields superimposed on one another. At this point, the symbolism seems almost inescapable. The wheels within wheels metaphor might be a way of saying that the electric fields of the four particles are superimposed on each other so as to form a single composite particle. But then again, it might have to do with something else altogether, as I explain below.

Full of Eyes All Around
Ezekiel 1:28. Their rims were high and awesome, and all four rims were full of eyes all around.
Important Note: It seems that the ancient Hebrew language did not have a specific word for sphere. Equally important to this discussion is the realization that the Hebrew word for rim can also be translated as back or surface.

We already encountered the eye metaphor in connection with the four living creatures of the book of Revelation:
Revelation 1:7. In the center, around the throne, were four living creatures, and they were covered with eyes, in front and in back. The first living creature was like a lion, the second was like an ox, the third had a face like a man, the fourth was like a flying eagle.
These are the seraphim that comprise the lattice. They, like the rims of Ezekiel's wheels, are also full of eyes. The eyes are yet another indication that the wheels are closely associated with seraphim. The only difference is that the eyes on Ezekiel's wheels form a rim or circle. But what does it mean for the rims to be full of eyes all around? I think it is a metaphor for the ability of a particle to sense phenomena at a distance. In other words, the rim full of eyes most likely signifies that the moving seraph's vision is restricted to a circle or sphere. It has to do with what quantum physicists call non-local interactions. This is the kind of stuff that Einstein would have called "spooky action at a distance". But how does it work?


In my opinion, it has to do with with the conservation of equilibrium. The diagram above shows two seraphim escaping from an electron. The arrows represent the directions of motion of the seraphim. The problem with this is that it creates a lopsided universe because, as the seraph moves away from the electron, the original neutral balance of energy is destroyed. Nature will have none of that because conservation laws are the basis of all phenomena. The only way, it seems, to maintain a proper balance is for nature to assume that the seraph's energy is spread thin all around the electron in a circle as if the particle was escaping from the electron in almost every direction at once. This is, of course, impossible. Nature must therefore opt for the next best thing, probability. So, in effect, there is a probabilistic interaction cloud of seraphim as these move away from the electron at the speed of light. The strength of the cloud follows an inverse square law (Coulomb's law) as the distance from the electron increase. This is because the average energy is spread as if it rested on the approximate surface of an expanding sphere.

Having said that, this does not mean, as physicists would have us believe, that a particle is somehow a wave that exists everywhere in the circle (or sphere) at the same time. It only means that, if a circle intersects another particle at a given point, nature decides instantly whether or not to move the seraph associated with the circle to the point of intersection and perform an interaction with the particle. I think this is what Ezekiel's rim metaphor is trying to convey: the moving seraph can be said to have eyes or sensors all around the rim, regardless of how far it is from the electron. It can instantly interact with another particle, in a non-local manner. It can do so because space (distance) does not exist. It is abstract, a perceptual illusion. The whole thing is pretty awesome but it's not spooky magic. Violations to conservation laws must all be corrected in the end. It's just nature doing its beautiful and awesome equilibrium thing.

Instantaneous Electric Field

One of the main differences between this hypothesis and the explanation of electric fields given in current physics texts is that the field moves with the charged particle. This is a must, otherwise the equilibrium is broken and nature will not allow it. As I explained previously, this is indicated in Ezekiel's text by the fact the wheel is said to move precisely in unison with the living creatures. In other words, the electric field is instantaneous. Of course, relativists and other Einstein defenders will insist that this is not true, that every change in the electric field of a particle propagates at the speed of light. Ezekiel's text says otherwise. I think this is a clear prediction that should not be too hard to test in the lab. Who, in the physics community (you know who you are) wants to be the next Nobel Prize winner?

Upcoming

So far, I have talked about what happens when moving matter particles collide with stationary seraphim in the lattice. In an upcoming series, I will explain what happens when moving seraphim collide with matter particles. Also, let me come out and say that I have reasons to believe that Ezekiel's four creatures represent a well-known particle of matter. I have an idea what that particle may be but I can't reveal it until I am 100% sure. One of the clues to the particle's identity is the fact that the creatures are said to move back and forth like lightning. It is all very interesting, if I may say so myself. Hang in there.

Sunday, September 12, 2010

Lattice Interactions, Part VIII

Part I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX

Abstract

Previously in this series, I argued that interactions between a normal matter particle, such as the electron, and the lattice depends on its direction of motion. That is to say, a matter particle will interact with a seraph (lattice particle) if it is moving in the same dimension as the seraph's face. In this post, I examine the properties and interactions that give rise to the electric field of an electron. Please read the previous installments before continuing.

Interactions and Speed

The foundational basis of the lattice hypothesis is causality. I have long maintained that I agree with Aristotle's view on causality which stipulates that no particle can move unless it is caused to move. As a result, we are immersed in an immense crystal-like ocean of particles that provide the causal energy necessary for motion. I have argued that the magnitude of a particle's motion depends on the energies involved in its interactions with lattice particles (seraphim). The rule that governs macroscopic speed is simple. A particle will move at the speed of light if the energy of every seraph it interacts with is equal to its own. Alternately, if the energy of the interacting seraphim is only half the particle's energy, then the particle will move at half the speed of light.

Note: By speed above, I am referring only to macroscopic speed. As I explained elsewhere, at the microscopic level, motion consists of a sequence of discrete jumps and wait periods. All jumps occur at light speed, which is the only microscopic speed possible.

In the motion hypothesis (see Physics: The Problem with Motion) that I've proposed, I claimed that a particle's energy is contained in its body and its wings (for those of you who are not yet aware of it, this is part of my evolving interpretation of a handful of ancient occult texts). A particle's speed depends on how much of its total energy is contained in its wings because only wings can interact with the seraphim in the lattice. Why? Because seraphim only have wings and wings interact only with other wings. A particle that is not moving (in 3-D space, that is) has all its energy in its body and none in its wings. It follows that the speed of a particle's motion in normal 3-D space is determined by how much of the particle's total energy is contained in its wings. It's all very simple really, because it is governed by simple arithmetic. One of these days, I'll put together an Adobe Flash animation that will bring it all together in a way that anybody can understand.

Have Feet, Will Travel

According to the lattice hypothesis, all matter particles in the observable universe and all moving seraphim are traveling in the fourth dimension at the speed of light. This requires that every particle has an additional energy property called feet. The problem is that simply having feet does not properly explain light speed travel in the fourth dimension. Why? Because light speed travel means that the entire energy of the particle is used for that purpose. Originally, I thought that this would leave nothing for normal 3-D motion. I struggled with this problem for a long time. I finally concluded that a) there is no rule that forbids a particle from interacting with one electric seraph and one magnetic seraph simultaneously; and b) the motive energy for a particle does not come from itself but from the lattice particles it interacts with. The feet of a particle have full access to the total energy of the particle at all times. So, interactions with electric (bull-faced) seraphim causes a matter particle to move in the fourth dimension while the magnetic (human, lion or eagle-faced) seraphim provide for motion in normal 3-D space. However, as I showed in the previous post, a particle cannot interact with more than one magnetic seraph at a time.

The Electric Field

The answer to the question "what causes the electric field?" is a little complicated but not too much. As an electron or positron travels in the fourth dimension, it interacts with e-seraphim and these are jettisoned from the points of interactions and sent traveling in random directions at the speed of light. Note that a positron is just an electron with its e-face pointing in the opposite direction in the fourth dimension. During an interaction, the face of an e-seraph will align itself in the opposite direction as that of the charged particle. This in turn creates either a positive or negative electric field, depending on whether the charged particle is an electron or a positron.

The problem with having lattice particles flying randomly at the speed of light away from the charged particle is that there is a lot of space to cover and relatively few moving particles. A charged particle placed anywhere in an electric field will sense (interact with) the radiating e-seraphim even if they don't collide directly, which is most of the time. Why is that? It has to do with something called non-locality and Ezekiel's wheel being covered with eyes. That's the subject of my next post in this series.

Thursday, September 9, 2010

Lattice Interactions, Part VII

Part I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX

Abstract

In Part VI, I argued for the existence of a special law or principle to govern interactions between normal matter particles and seraphim (lattice particles). The law stipulates that an interaction between a normal particle an a seraph occurs only if the particle is moving in the same direction that the seraph is facing. I also showed that Ezekiel's metaphorical text strongly suggests that a particle can move in only one direction/dimension at a time. However, it seems that there must be one exception to this rule. This is the topic of this post. Please read the previous installments before continuing.

Straight Legs and Calf's Feet

The primary reason for wanting to restrict the motion of a particle to one dimension at a time is that it makes it easy to determine how the particle's wings will interact with the seraphim in the lattice. This rule restricts interactions to only one seraph at a time. However, as I explained in my previous post, there is a problem with this rule. The reason is that every particle must move in the fourth dimension at the speed of light. This is required in order to keep the universe refreshed with a new 3-D slice of the 4-D lattice at every instant. In other words, there can be no wait periods between the jumps in the fourth dimension. If all motion occurred sequentially in only one dimension at a time, then motion in the fourth dimension would be forced to wait its turn. This is unacceptable. It seems that there must be an exception to the sequential interaction rule. I think this is what Ezekiel's metaphorical text is saying when he wrote in Chapter 1, verse 7:
Their legs were straight; their feet were like those of a calf and gleamed like burnished bronze.
In my current interpretation of the metaphorical texts, feet symbolize the ability of a particle to move in the fourth dimension at the speed of light. Legs are, of course, attached to feet and both contribute to motion. But why did Ezekiel write that the creatures' legs were straight? What could be the significance of having straight legs? I think it is calling attention to the fact that motion in the fourth dimension, unlike motion in the familiar 3-D space, is not composite, i.e., it does not consist of multiple vectors. It is a single straight motion. Normal 3-D motion, by contrast, consists of up to three components, depending on its absolute direction. While normal motion can be straight in the case of single dimension motion, this is extremely rare. Note also that the feet are said to "gleam like burnished bronze." I think this is a way to create a contrast between the two types of motion. Feet motion is hard, deterministic and unchanging. Wing motion, by contrast, is soft, non-deterministic and changes often.

As an aside, notice that Ezekiel identified the creatures' feet as being similar to those of a calf or bull. Since feet are used for motion in the fourth dimension, this tells us that the bull or calf is the symbol of the fourth dimension. Remember also that all the cherubim have four faces, one of which is that of a bull or calf. Likewise, one of the seraphim that comprise the sea of glass has the face of a bull. This knowledge will come in handy in the future.

Universal Heartbeat

The universe is like a humongous, massively parallel, discrete computer or, better yet, a huge cellular automaton. It has a universal discrete heartbeat that governs all interactions, huge numbers of which occur in parallel during every beat. Given the restrictions placed on particle motion in Ezekiel's text, it follows that every particle with bull's feet and face (such as the electron) interacts with a bull-faced seraph (e-seraph, see Part IV) during every heartbeat. This takes place in the fourth dimension and it is what generates and sustains the electrical field of a charged particle. However, no particle can have more than one non-bull interaction at a time. Non-bull interactions occur when a particle with one or more magnetic face moves in the familiar 3-D space, thus creating a magnetic field. In other words, no particle can move in more than one of the familiar three dimensions at a time.

In my next post, I'll have more to say about the electric field.

Monday, September 6, 2010

Lattice Interactions, Part VI

Part I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX

Abstract

In Part V, I argued against the relativistic explanation for the magnetic field generated by a moving charged particle. I explained that, since neutral particles can have a magnetic field, it follows that the magnetic and charged components of a particle are two independent properties and not the single unified phenomenon that the physics community has brainwashed itself into believing. I also argued against the fractional charge quark hypothesis. In this post, I explain why a particle must move in at least one of the three familiar dimensions in order to generate a magnetic field. Please read the previous installments.

Electromagnetism

I think it's important that I make my position on electromagnetism even clearer than I already have. I maintain that, contrary to the claims of the physics community, especially the relativity camp, it is not the electric component of a charged particle that generates its magnetic field. Although it may be true that a magnetic particle must also have an electric component (although I have doubts about it, I think an electric face might be required for motion in the fourth dimension), it is not true that an electrically charged particle must have a magnetic component, nor is it true that the magnetic field of a neutral particle is due to the electric charge of its component particles.

Faces and Jumps

To return to the topic of how magnetic fields are generated, consider that it is not any kind of motion that causes a particle to generate a magnetic field. Even though all normal matter particles, including electrons, are moving in the fourth dimension at c, an electron does not generate a magnetic field unless it is also moving in one or more of the three familiar spatial dimensions. The question is, why? I mean, we know that, as an electron moves in the fourth dimension, it does not interact with the magnetic seraphim that exist at every point in the lattice. We know this because a stationary electron does not generate a magnetic field.
It seems to me that there must exist some law or principle that prevents a normal particle from interacting with a seraph unless the particle is moving in the same dimension associated with the seraph's face. Can motion happen in more than one direction/face/dimension at a time? I don't think so and here is why. Notice that Ezekiel was very careful in his description of cherubim motion:
Ezekiel 1:12. Each one went straight ahead. Wherever the spirit would go, they would go, without turning as they went.
Later, in verse 17, he describes how the wheels move:
As they moved, they would go in any one of the four directions the creatures faced; the wheels did not turn about [d] as the creatures went.
As explained at the given link, the phrase turn about can also be translated as turn aside. This certainly sounds like the creatures and their wheels can move in only one of the four dimensions at a time. This would neatly explain how a moving particle generates a magnetic field: when it makes a jump, it interacts only with the seraph whose face corresponds with the direction/dimension in which it is moving. However, the problem with this restricted motion is that, since a particle is always moving in the fourth dimension at c, there would be no time left for any normal 3-D motion if all jumps have to happen sequentially. The reason is that, when a particle is moving at c, there can be no wait periods between the jumps. (see Physics, the Problem With Motion for more on discrete jumps). It would seem that a normal spatial jump should happen simultaneously with a fourth-dimensional jump but Ezekiel's text does not allow it. This is problematic. I'll continue my investigation in Part VII.

Wednesday, September 1, 2010

Lattice Interactions, Part V

Part I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX

Abstract

In Part IV, I wrote that Ezekiel's wheel likely symbolizes the electric field that surrounds charged particles. I also introduced the concept of elementary mass and hypothesized that it is equivalent to the mass of the electron. I was going to explore this concept further in this post but I think it's best that I do it some other time. In this post, I would like to explain how a charged particle creates a magnetic field and why it occurs only when the particle moves in the three familiar dimensions. In the process, I expose some of the crackpot nonsense that has been passing for science. Please read the previous installments before continuing.

Relativistic Garbage

Physicists teach us that only a moving charge can generate a magnetic field but they never explain why in a manner that makes any sense. In fact, there is reason to believe that this is not true at all, that it is possible to have a magnetic field without an electric charge. Sure, relativists try to BS one another with their length contraction non-explanation, which is not really an explanation since nobody knows why length contracts in the first place. However, the rest of us have enough sense to know that a point particle such as the electron cannot possibly have a length. Relativists will counter-argue that by length contraction, they are not referring to the moving particle but to the observed distance between moving charged particles. The tale is that this observed contraction makes the net charge appear bigger. However, this argument fails because a single moving charged particle will generate a magnetic field as well.

Furthermore, the relativistic magic does not explain why neutrons, which have no electric charge, can generate a magnetic field. Neutron stars, for example, are known to have an exceedingly strong magnetic field. Of course, the standard circular refrain is that a neutron consists of charged particles and that it is these charged particles that generate the field. To which I respond that the electric charge of the neutron is completely canceled, therefore its magnetic moment could not possibly have anything to do with the charges. As you can see, modern physics is resting on a huge mountain of crap. There is no end to it. Needless to say, we can promptly and safely dump the entire relativistic explanation for magnetism right back into the relativistic garbage heap from which it emerged. There may be some truths to relativity but this is certainly not one of them.

Quark Quackery

It is not hard to understand the reason that physicists insist without proof that only a charged particle can generate a magnetic field. The political correctness within the physics community is such that they must support relativity at all costs. In other words, unless you are prepared to kiss the giant collective ass of relativity, your career as a physicist will come to quick end, period. In my opinion, the unification of electric and magnetic interactions into a single phenomenon called electromagnetism has been a disaster because it has forced a mindset on researchers that has prevented them from considering or even seeing alternatives. Brainwashing is a bitch because it can ruin progress in science for centuries.

The truth is that there is no reason to suppose that a charged particle must also have a magnetic component. Likewise, there is no reason to believe that a magnetic particle must have an electric component. In the end, it all depends on whether or not they have electric or magnetic faces or both. But what can one say about quarks, those strange hypothetical particles of quantum physics that, we are told, have fractional charges? Are such hideous creatures even possible? The answer is a resounding no, of course. I have maintained that the charge of a particle is the result of its orientation in the fourth dimension and how this affects its interactions with the lattice. I mean, how can a particle have a fractional orientation? The quark concept is another one of those things that, like quantum superposition and virtual particles, physicists strongly believe in without actually observing them. Scientists love to bash religious folks for having faith while being guilty of the same.

Let's Face It

So why does a particle generate a magnetic field only when it is moving? It certainly has to do with lattice interactions but why is there a need for the particle to move in one or more of the three familiar spatial dimensions in order to generate a magnetic field? My hypothesis is that it happens for the same reason that an electric field is generated when a particle with an electric face moves in the fourth dimension. But why does a stationary electron not generate a magnetic field even though it has at least one magnetic face? It seems that, even if two particles have a face in common, they cannot interact unless one of them underwent a discrete jump in that dimension (see Physics: The Problem With Motion for more on particle discrete motion).

Let me rephrase this so as to make it as clear as possible. An electron generates an electric field by interacting with e-seraphim, not just because it has an e-face, but also because it is moving in the e-dimension, aka the fourth dimension. Its motion in the e-dimension does not generate a magnetic field even though the electron has at least one magnetic face. It must be moving in the direction it is facing in other to cause an interaction with seraphim of the same face. But why? I have an idea. I'll explain in Part VI.